You are currently viewing Best Technology Stack for Mobile App Development in 2024

Best Technology Stack for Mobile App Development in 2024

The smartphone market in the United States is one of the largest in the world, with smartphone sales forecast to reach almost 110 billion U.S. dollars in 2024. According to statista, the number of mobile phone users worldwide today is six billion and is predicted to grow more. The use of the internet has increased along with the sharp rise in mobile phone users, and concurrent use of a mobile phone lessens reliance on computers.

For this reason, having a strong mobile app is crucial for business development. In this blog post, we’ll talk about the best technology stack for mobile app development in 2024.

What is tech Stack in Mobile App Development

A technology stack, which consists of a collection of tools and technologies, is selected and organized in accordance with the software or application’s specific development requirements. These platforms are carefully used to create well-structured, feature-rich mobile applications. The stack may include tools for data storage, security management, user interface design, and a variety of additional frameworks.

There are mainly four components of technology stack

1. Back-End

The back-end technology in mobile applications used to handle data storage , user authentication and server side logic. Backend developers store and maintain data, respond to user requests, and guarantee that the server and client communicate seamlessly. The back-end technology stack helps them manage these tasks successfully.

  • Programming languages used in Mobile App Development -:Python , Java , Ruby , PHP 
  • Custom backend framework –:
    • i) Node.js – a java script ideal for building scalable and high performance backend services.
    • ii) Ruby on Rails – A Ruby-based server-side web application framework noted for prioritising convention over configuration.
    • iii) Django – python web framework that helps development and pragmatic design.
  • Database management system – 
    • i) MYSQL database – an open source 
    •  ii) PostgreSQL  database – an advance open source widely used

2. Front-End

The front- end of a mobile application is responsible for the user interface and the client-side code that runs on the device .We use HTML,CSS,and Javascript.

The front end is the most visible part of any application or software. This interface allows your users to engage with a digital product. The tech stack chosen to create the application’s front end manages both the user interface and the client-side code that runs on the device. Buttons, animations, user flow, and links are examples of elements used in mobile app layout design.

  • Front-end Development Programming Languages – CSC, HTML, JavaScript 
  • Custom front -end framework – Angular , React

3. Hosting

Hosting environment helps to run server-side smoothly on the application and app to users. Various hosting platforms include AWS(amazon web services),Linux,Apache. Mobile apps are hosted on private or cloud servers that run the backend components . The main purpose of hosting platform is to: For security purpose To store data Improve reliability by minimizing downtime

4. Development Platform

Your choice of mobile app development tech stack is heavily influenced by the platform on which you plan to distribute the app (such as iOS or Android). All libraries and interfaces are depicted as part of the mobile app design and development process. Depending on the mobile app platform, specific technologies are used.

Technology    iOS Platform   Android Platform
Development ToolsAppCode , Apple Xcode , iOS SDK Android Studio, Android SDK
Programming LanguagesSwiftUI, Objective-CJava Kotlin
UI FrameworksSwiftUI, UIKitAndroid UI, Jetpack Compose 

What Are the Types of Tech Stack for Mobile App Development

The development can be categorized into three main types:

1. Native Mobile app development tech stack

When developing native applications, the native mobile app development tech stack is determined by the platform used. Because native development necessitates writing a separate codebase for each platform, the native tech stack includes platform-specific coding languages, frameworks, and tools.

The performance-critical, platform-specific user experience and UI/UX design must determine the platform and, as a result, the technology stack.  Building native mobile apps for Android and iOS platforms necessitates the use of two distinct tech stacks and technology combinations.

2. Android Technology Stack

Programming Languages:

  • i) Kotlin :Kotlin, supported by Google, is the preferred language for Android development due to its modern syntax, null safety, and full interoperability with Java. 
  • ii) Java : Java is relevant, especially for maintaining existing applications and libraries

Development Tools:

  •  i) Gradle : A build automation tool that simplifies the building, testing, and deployment  of Android applications.
  • ii) Android Studio :Android Studio, the official IDE for Android development, includes  a powerful code editor, emulators, and a comprehensive suite of tools for creating and testing Android apps.

Looking for the best Android app development company? Partner with the SupportFly team to choose the right tools and frameworks for high-quality, profitable apps. Reach out to us today!

3. IOS Tech Stack

iOS app developers use Swift or Objective-C programming languages to take use of the dynamic runtime environment and object-oriented features. Swift is preferred by app developers because its inline support for data and text string manipulation ensures flawlessness, decreases app size, and hence enhances performance.

When using the Swift language for iOS app development, Apple XCode is used as a toolset. It features a graphical editor, Git repositories, and debugging tools. The iOS SDK provides APIs (including libraries and tools) for connecting platforms and applications.

  • Programming Languages – Swift or Objective-C 
  • Development Framework – Apple XCode, iOS SDK

Looking for the best IOS app development company? Partner with the SupportFly team to choose the right tools and frameworks for high-quality, profitable apps. Reach out to us today!

4. Cross Platform App Development Stack

This strategy entails creating a single JavaScript codebase and then linking native components to publish the project across numerous platforms. Different frameworks, or combinations of frameworks, are used for cross-platform app development.

React Native is a cross-platform framework renowned for creating popular apps for both iOS and Android platforms using essential UI building blocks. It allows developers to write app logic in React Native and run it in JavaScript, ensuring a native-like UI.

Xamarin, on the other hand, enables up to 90% of code sharing across all platforms by utilizing statically typed C#, which facilitates cross-compilation into native iOS and Android binaries.

  • Programming Languages – Java and C#
  • Development Framework – Cordova , React Native, Xamarin, PhoneGap

5. Hybrid App Development Stack

Hybrid App Development Stack requires a technology stack in which the codebase is written in JavaScript, HTML, and CSS. Later, the code is wrapped inside a native container called WebView. 

This technology stack is ideal for apps that do not require substantial integrations, hardware functionality, or complexity, such as weather apps or to-do list apps.

  • Programming Languages –  HTML,CSS ,JS
  • Development Framework- Ionic, Visual Studio

6. Progressive Web App Development Stack

The progressive web app development tech stack is similar to the hybrid app development tech stack because PWAs are developed with web technologies and provide native-like experiences on various mobile devices. They are designed with a single codebase and run in a web browser, while adapting to the capabilities of the mobile devices on which they run.

  • Programming Languages- JavaScript, CSS,HTML,WebAssembly
  • Development Framework- Polymer, Angular, React

Importance of Tech Stack in Mobile App Development

Selecting the right tech stack is important for app development as it supports app’s usability , performance and overall success.

Lets understand the importance of Tech Stack in mobile App Development:

  • The proper tech stack selection enables developers to concentrate on solving and developing essential logic and functions. The most recent frameworks and libraries give predefined functionalities that can be simply integrated without having to design them from start.
  • When an app requires a scalable backend to handle increasing loads without compromising performance, a modern tech stack incorporating cloud services and scalable component integration ensures the app can manage growing traffic and data volume without crashes or slow loading times.
  • Operating systems are updated once or twice a year, thus the program must run on the most recent version while also being compatible with previous ones. To keep modern consumers glued to the app, use a tech stack that allows for easy scaling to new OS versions.
  • Security is an essential part of the mobile app development process. The ideal tech stack consists of well-established technologies, frameworks, and tools with built-in security features that cannot be compromised. Including tried-and-true technologies also lowers the likelihood of unexpected failures.

How Do You Select Best Technology Stack for Mobile App Development

Each mobile application has its own different kind of requirements and unique approach for development and design . While selecting stack technologies you should consider the type of audience and functional features.

Let’s discuss the  top factors to be  consider:

1. Types of Mobile App

The diverse features and levels of complexity of different application categories also influence the technology stack selection. Different kind of mobile applications require different tools and technologies. Sharing few examples below

FacebookPHP, Jenkins, LAMP Stack, HHVM, Cassandra, React Native, and GraphQL
AirbnbJavaScript, React, Java, MySQL, Amazon S3, Amazon EC2, Ruby, Rails, Google Analytics, Braintree, and Twilio
UberPython, JQuery, Node.js, React, Java Golang, Kafka, Swift, Objective-CMySQL, EC2, and Hadoop
InstagramObjective-C, Swift, Java, KotlinReact NativeAFNetworking and Facebook SDK
TwitterObjective-C, Java, JavaScript, React, ScalaAWS, GCP, and Microsoft Azure

2. Budget

Make sure to identify your budget and resources (time, skills, and development team) throughout the early stages of development. With a set budget, you can ensure that your team fully utilizes the technology stack within that cost.

For example, developing native apps can be more expensive and time-consuming. Open-source frameworks, on the other hand, allow for hybrid or cross-platform app development, making the process faster and less expensive.

3. Platform Choice

The platform you choose for delivering your application significantly influences the mobile app development tech stack. 

For instance, iOS and Android applications require platform-specific technologies. Conversely, if you opt to develop a hybrid app, you can utilize cross-platform frameworks such as React Native, Ionic, Xamarin, and Flutter.

4. App Maintenance & Scalability

Choose technologies that enable a robust system architecture with an increasing user base and traffic. Here, you can make intelligent decisions about your server, hosting service providers, databases, and programming languages. Ensure they are not out of date and allow for app scalability.

5. Performance

Beyond scalability, the app’s base performance is directly influenced by its business requirements and technology stack choices. These factors determine the app’s size, response time, and request capacity.

6. Infrastructure

Although a specific technology stack may have worked for an established product, it may not work for everyone. Having said that, utilizing existing infrastructure is a crucial concern. Check for existing product assets or those available in other libraries and frameworks.

How Does It Cost to Develop a Mobile Application

Although the technology stack you choose is a major factor influencing the cost of a mobile app, there are other important factors to consider as well.
Its depend on various variables like –

  • What many screens do you want?
  • Are there any third-party integrations?
  • How sophisticated is the business logic?
  • How complex is the data processing and database?
  • What is the level of effort required to do quality assurance (QA)?
  • The development approach ,whether implemented natively or through a cross-platform approach , is also an important factor.


Choosing the ideal technology stack for Mobile App Development in 2024 requires careful consideration of several factors, including project requirements, target audience, development resources, and ongoing maintenance. Native app development remains the preferred method for performance-critical applications, while cross-platform frameworks such as React Native and Flutter offer cost-effective and time-saving solutions. Progressive web apps present a viable alternative for web-based experiences.

Integrating robust backend services, leveraging cloud platforms, and implementing DevOps processes are essential for developing scalable and reliable mobile applications. Additionally, ensuring security throughout the development process is crucial for protecting user data and maintaining user trust.

By thoroughly evaluating the available options and staying updated with the latest trends and technologies, developers can make informed decisions and build successful mobile applications that meet evolving needs.